15 Jan Dhanuka Kheti Ki Nayi Takneek – Episode 2
India’s majority population relies on agriculture for their livelihoods and the scope is huge when it comes to agricultural sector. Still yet, we have not been able to reach the full potential.
Our then Prime Minister, Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee Ji, gave the slogan ‘Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan, Jai Vigyan’ in the year 2002. Though people of India could associate with the slogan but somehow the ‘Vigyan’ (Science) could not be fully applied to the agricultural.
We are way ahead in terms of availability of natural resources but still the contribution of agriculture to India’s GDP is one third of what China’s agriculture sector contributes to their GDP.
According to a research of IARI, if the crops are not provided with appropriate crop protection chemicals at appropriate time then 10-70% of crops get destroyed; and this is one of the biggest challenges in India.
China has close to 25,000 dams and has effectively used rain water harvesting. Whereas India has approximately 5,000 dams and approximately 70% of rain water goes wasted. The water plays a vital role when it comes to healthy and high yielding crops. Efficient utilization of water and water resources is very important to keep the agricultural land cultivable and healthy. Quoting Rahim’s doha in context to agriculture, it says:
Rahiman paani raakhiye, bin paani sab soon,
Paani gaye na ubre, maati manas choon.
India’s 40% of agricultural land is used to produce wheat and we look at the average yield, it comes to approximately 2.5 tons per hectare whereas in China, the yield is more than 6.5 tons per Hectare. Why even after abundance of resources and there is such a vast difference in the productivity?
The first and foremost necessity is availability of good quality hybrid seeds. It is important to note that China uses good quality hybrid seeds in their agriculture. In India, Government should increase the research in this concern and encourage the use of such good quality seeds.
China spends close to 80 billion dollars for the development and innovations in agriculture. It has been using fertilizers since long which has given them good results over a long period of time. In India, we still need to improvise on the balanced usage of fertilizers to improve the soil quality and productivity.
Parliamentary Standing Committee, which was formulated in 2002, stated that crops amounting to approximately INR 90,000 crores get destroyed every year; the amount stands close to INR 3-4 Lakh Crores. If we manage to minimise this loss then agriculture sector will surely reach its true potential in India.