13 Feb Dhanuka Kheti Ki Nayi Takneek – Episode 6
India is the major producer and consumer of pulses all around the globe. Pulses play a very important role in the staple diet of majority population of India. Chana, Masoor, Arhar, Moong and peas are the major crops.
|India||30.31 mn ha||659 kg/ha|
|Canada||2.87 mn ha||2031 kg/ha|
|China||2.37 mn ha||1724 kg/ha|
|Brazil||3.21 mn ha||1030 kg/ha|
Though land use for producing pulses is maximum in India but the yield of India is least among the major producers.
Let’s have a look at the regional facts figures of pulses production:
|Madhya Pradesh||5.51 mn ha||863 kg/ha|
|Rajasthan||3.36 mn ha||580 kg/ha|
|Maharashtra||3.41 mn ha||602 kg/ha|
|Uttar Pradesh||2.35 mn ha||612 kg/ha|
Pulses production not only are beneficial for human health but also for improving land health. Pulses are the least cost-intensive crop. They require minimum use of agro-chemicals and irrigation. Chana/Gram is the most widely consumed crop in India and has got both biotic and abiotic factors that affect its yield. Temperature fluctuation, less rainfall, and pests are the major challenges.
For improving the agriculture of wheat and paddy, India witnessed Green Revolution, likewise for improving agriculture of Oil-seeds there was Yellow Revolution. Following are the figures pertaining to Soya bean production:
Farmers have observed that if they do not take appropriate measures to treat weeds, pests and other diseases then 50% of the soya produce gets destroyed.
Soya-bean is not a very old crop in India. Its production has grown very rapidly in India but still the yield remains very low. Experts have elaborated the causes of low yield major being water stress, i.e. excess or lack of irrigation. Also, new and innovative techniques are also missing. They have also given precautionary measure to have a better and healthy yield of Soya-bean, which are:
- Sowing of seeds in proper season
- Control of weed at the initial stage of cultivation
- Proper and balanced usage of pesticides
- Control of diseases
Dhanuka Salahkar have also given a few measures to control the challenges that farmers face while cultivating soya-bean or pulses